How planets die: Fried by tidal volcanoes

If you ever drop your keys into a river of molten lava, just let them go because, man, they’re gone. — Deep thoughts by Jack Handey This series is about how planets die — it is introduced here. What do you think of when you hear the word tides? Ocean waves?  The Moon?  Maybe sitting … More How planets die: Fried by tidal volcanoes

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Exo-moons: Innocent bystanders during gas giant instabilities

Gas giants are the bullies of planetary systems.  They are hundreds of times more massive than small rocky or icy worlds, so when gas giants throw a tantrum, their whole planetary system feels it. Giant planet moons are among the innocent bystanders swept up in the chaos. Giant planets around other stars have different orbits … More Exo-moons: Innocent bystanders during gas giant instabilities